As the third largest city in the United States and the largest city in the Midwest, Chicago attracts a large number of visitors every year. In 2017, the number of visitors reached an unprecedented 5.5 million, two years ahead of schedule to achieve the city's expected goals. Unlike the big cities like New York and Los Angeles, Chicago does not have the unique tourism resources. Therefore, the Chicago city government has always attached great importance to promoting the development of tourism through "playing cultural cards". Apart from rich food and a variety of leisure and entertainment activities, Chicago is also famous for public art. Walking through Chicago's squares, riverside walkways and community streets, you can see unique public works of art. With more than 500 public works of art, Chicago is truly the capital of art. Its symbolic public works of art, Cloud Gate in Millennium Park, is a must for visitors. Time magazine is called "tourist magnet".
In today's world, public art, as an important carrier reflecting the city's humanistic spirit, can not only improve the city's appearance and enhance the city's vitality, but also to a certain extent become a symbol of the maturity of urban development. Chicago Municipal Government attaches great importance to the development of public art for a long time. Its successful practice over the years has even played a decisive role in the definition and development of public art. In October 2016, Mayor Emanuel proclaimed 2017 as the Year of the Public Arts. The government allocated $1.5 million to support artists'creation and to develop new projects in 50 communities, with remarkable results. The Public Art Planning (hereinafter referred to as the Planning) issued by the Chicago Cultural Bureau in November 2017 has brought to a successful conclusion the Year of the Public Art. Since its implementation nearly one year ago, the Planning has provided the policy guarantee for the Chicago government to build a public art capital.
In 1978, the Chicago Municipal Government passed the Art Proportion Ordinance, which stipulated that 1.33% of the cost of building and public space construction and renovation in the city government should be used to support original works of art. Putting artistic creation funds into urban construction planning in the form of official legislation ensures the development of public art. Other cities in the United States have followed Chicago's successful example, and so far more than 200 cities in the United States have passed similar legislation.
Since the development of public art involves government agencies, artists, community organizations and residents, in order to better play the role of all parties, the Plan calls for a clearer definition of the procedures involved. It is required that all parties should be consulted in advance by convening meetings. Develop clearer art selection procedures and inform the public in various ways. Establish a liaison system for the city's principal organs to ensure that the Chicago Transport Authority, the Park Authority, the Chicago Public Library and Family Services Bureau work together with the Cultural Bureau to ensure the smooth and effective implementation of public art projects. Coordination among different organizations should be strengthened to minimize the potential public safety hazards caused by artists'creation.
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